The paper presents a ballistic performance index for metallic armour materials in terms of the commonly determined mechanical properties such as strength and modulus. The index is derived using an energy-balance approach, where the kinetic energy of the projectile is assumed to be absorbed by the elastic and the plastic deformation involved in the penetration process as well as the kinetic energy imparted to the target material during deformation. The derivation assumes two distinct stages to exist during the penetration of the projectile. At the striking face of the armour, the material is assumed to flow radially in a constrained deformation region but longitudinally at the rear surface leading to typically observed bulging of the armour without constraint. The index is validated using the available experimental and empirical data obtained in the case of small arm projectiles for an impact velocity of about 800 m/sec. This index is expected to facilitate the development of metallic armour, since the number of the ballistic experiments can be reduced significantly and only the promising materials need to be considered.
Volume 43, 2020
Continuous Article Publishing mode
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