Synthesis of nano particle of inorganic oxides by polymer matrix
Ultrafine (⩽ 150 nm) powders of spinels [MFe2O4 where M = Ni(II), Co(II) and Zn(II)]; rare-earth orthoferrites [RFeO3 where R = Sm, Nd and Gd], and rare-earth garnets [R3Fe3O12 where R = Sm, Nd and Gd] with good purity and chemical homogeneity were prepared through two new versatile chemical routes. The first route involved the coprecipitation of the desired metal nitrates from their aqueous solution, in presence of a water soluble polymer-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), by triethyl ammonium carbonate solution. The other process involved complete evaporation of a mixture of optimum amounts of PVA and the desired aqueous metal nitrate solutions, with and without the addition of optimum amounts of urea when the mixture was evaporated to a pasty mass. In addition, detailed study on the reported potassium ferricyanide route was also carried out for the production of the rare-earth orthoferrite powders. The various precursor as well as the heat-treated mixed-oxide powders, prepared through each of the routes, were compared by the physical characterization studies involving thermal gravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry, infrared spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and room temperature magnetic measurements.
Volume 43, 2020
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