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    • Keywords


      Organic semiconductor; photoconductivity

    • Abstract


      The wavelength, temperature, time and intensity dependence of photocurrent of metal-free phthalocyanine (H2Pc) and copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) single crystals were investigated. The thermal activation energies in the dark are 0·5 and 0·6 eV for H2Pc and CuPc respectively and the corresponding photo-thermal activation energies are 0·3 and 0·2 eV. An energy level scheme for single crystals of H2Pc and CuPc is proposed which consists of two trapping levels and five narrow optically active valence bands. In H2Pc (CuPc), one trapping level at 0·5 eV (0·6 eV) above the valence band edge to which the charge carriers are thermally excited in the dark; and the other trapping level is at 0·3 eV (0·2 eV) below the conduction band edge where all the optical transitions terminate. In H2Pc(CuPc), the forbidden gap is 1·44 eV (1·34 eV) wide; the five valence bands are at the band edge, and 0·09 (0·22), 0·42 (0·63), 0·69 (0·90), 1·32 (2·17) eV below the band edge.

    • Author Affiliations


      Francis P Xavier1 2 Géorge J Goldsmith1

      1. Physics Department, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA - 02167, USA
      2. Physics Department, Loyola College, Madras - 600 034, India
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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