Analysis of changes in surface roughness of CdS thin films with preparation temperature was carried out using variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry (VASE). The films studied were prepared by spray pyrolysis technique, in the substrate temperature range 200–360°C. The VASE measurements were carried out in the visible region below the band gap (Eg=2·4eV) of CdS so as to reduce absorption by the film. The thickness of the films was in the range 500–600 nm. Bruggeman’s effective medium theory was used for analysis of the surface roughness of the film. The roughness of the film had a high value (∼ 65 nm) for films prepared at low temperature (200°C) and decreased with increase in substrate temperature. This reached minimum value (∼ 27 nm) in the temperature range 280–300°C. Thereafter roughness increased slowly with temperature. The growth rate of the films was calculated for different temperature ranges. It was found that the deposition rate decreases with the increase in substrate temperature and have an optimum value at 300°C. Above this temperature deposition rate decreased sharply. The scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of the film also showed that the film prepared at 280–300°C had very smooth surface texture.
Volume 43, 2020
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