The processing of alumina ceramics using the sol-gel technique was investigated. Alumina sols were prepared by precipitation-peptization of aluminium hydroxide obtained from aluminium nitrate and aluminium oxyhydroxide obtained from aluminium isopropoxide. Sols cast on Teflon substrate were gelled by controlled dehydration at near-ambient temperature. Gels were converted to ceramics through processes of drying, calcination and sintering in the temperature range 773–1473 K. Ceramics derived from both the sols retained a porosity of 35–45% even after sintering at 1273 K. However, at 1473 K densification was drastically enhanced and bodies could be sintered to about 90–93% of theoretical density (TD) and was accompanied by theϑ-to-α transformation. The progress of the reactions occurring at various stages of the process was studied using pycnometry, TG-DSC, XRD, SEM, MIP and TEM techniques.
Volume 44, 2021
Continuous Article Publishing mode
Prof. Subi Jacob George — Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bengaluru
Chemical Sciences 2020
Prof. Surajit Dhara — School of Physics, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Physical Sciences 2020
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