• Electron microscopy study of chemically deposited Ni-P films

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    • Keywords


      Amorphous; microcrystalline; electroless; nickel-phosphorous; electron microscopy

    • Abstract


      The structure of electroless thin films of Ni-P has been studied. The microstructure and the selected area diffraction pattern of the samples reveal that certain samples transform to crystalline Ni with P in solid solution by nucleation and growth, whereas others transform to crystalline state by growth alone. The former set of thin films having a P-content of 19–21 at.% is characterized as amorphous. Films with a P-content of 13–15 at.% fall in the latter category and are characterized as microcrystalline. Those with a P-content of 16–18 at.% contain both amorphous and microcrystalline regions.

    • Author Affiliations


      S V S Tyagi1 V K Tandon1 S Ray1 2

      1. Department of Physics, University of Roorkee, Roorkee - 247 667, India
      2. Department of Metallurgy, University of Roorkee, Roorkee - 247 667, India
    • Dates

  • Bulletin of Materials Science | News

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