Acicular FeC2O4 · 2H2O was precipitated from glycerol and starch media. Thermal decomposition of this oxalate in dry and moist nitrogen yielded primarily FeO and Fe3O4 respectively. Characterization was attempted through DTA, TG, x-ray diffraction, TEM and magnetization studies. It was found that the oxalate can be completely decomposed to Fe3O4 in moist nitrogen (PH2O ∼ 35 torr) at 775 K and then oxidised by dry air to acicular γ-Fe2O3 at 575 K. The resulting material has saturation magnetization (∼ 70 emu/g), coercive field (∼ 300 Oe) and squareness ratio (∼ 0·60–0·65), which values art comparable with those of the commercial samples.
Volume 43, 2020
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