Some new potential dielectric materials have been made through the cross-substitution of Ba2+ by a 1:1 molar combinations of tri-(La3+) and mono-valent (Li+, Na+, K+) ions at the Ba2+ site in BaTiO3. Chemical analysis shows that compositions in the potassium series are about 6·1% deficient in their K2O content and exhibit interesting dielectric relaxations. The cross-substitution has lowered theTc down to room temperature. The disorder in the larger ‘A’ cation sublattice of the three systems has been established by infra-red and x-ray data. This leads to microscopic compositional variations, which in turn can account for the diffuseness of the dielectric anomalies observed in the barium titanate-rich compositions (0⩽x⩽0·3).
Volume 43, 2020
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