Systematics in the electrical and magnetic properties of transition metal perovskites LnBO3 (Ln=rare-earth ion, B=3d transition metal) with the variation of Ln and B ions are reviewed. The electrical resistivity and activation energy of LnBO3 compounds increase with the decreasing size of the Ln3+ ion for a given B ion. The low-spin to high-spin transition temperature of Co3+ ion in LnCoO3 similarly increases with the decrease in size of Ln3+ while the magnetic ordering temperatures in LnVO3, LnFeO3, LnCrO3 and LnSrCo2O6 decreases with decreasing size of the rare-earth ion. These results may be understood in terms of the increasing acidity of the rare earth ion with decreasing size and the competition between the Ln3+ and the B3+ ions for covalency with the oxygen ions. The effect of this competition on the metal oxygen covalency and crystal field parameter is discussed in relation to the results obtained and Goodenough’s phase diagram. The possibility ofd-f exchange interaction in La1−xLnx NiO3 is also discussed in the light of ESR results.
Volume 42 | Issue 6
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