Histological and histochemical observations on the digestive gland ofMelanoides tuberculatus (Gastropoda) infected with certain larval trematodes and focus on their mode of nutrition
Histological and histochemical observations were made on infected and uninfected digestive glands of snails,Melanoides tuberculatus. Infected gland either with sporocysts ofCercaria diglandulata (Xiphidio) or with rediae ofCercaria martini (Monostome) revealed basically two types of histopathological abnormalities (damages), mechanical (lesion 1) and physiological (lesion 2). Depletion of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins as well as increased activities of phosphatases, lipase, non-specific esterase and glucose-6-phosphatase were also reflected by infected digestive gland. Alterations either histological or histochemical in infected glands are associated with the type and size of trematode larvae and degree of parasitemea and these were greater in glands infected with rediae than in sporocysts. Besides pathogenesis, the present study also focusses on the mode of nutrition in certain trematode larvae.
S L Choubisa1 2