Studies on the silk gland ofBomhyx mori: A comparative analysis during fifth instar development
Middle and posterior parts of the silk gland of fifth instar bivoltine and multivoltine races ofBombyx mori and their hybrid were analysed for the concentration of fibroin, DNA, RNA and total protein. Fibroin content of the silk gland increased rapidly from the beginning of fifth instar upto the spinning stage. Concentration of DNA in the middle silk gland was maximum at 24 hr and decreased thereafter. In the posterior silk gland, the concentration of DNA increased upto 72 hr and then decreased, RNA concentration was maximum at 72 hr and 120 hr, in the middle and posterior silk gland respectively. The total protein content increased gradually upto the spinning stage in the middle silk gland whereas it increased upto 120 hr and decreased sharply thereafter in the posterior silk gland. The difference in the concentration of these constituents in the silk gland was correlated with the differential silk output in both the pure races and their hybrid.