• The problem of marine timber destroying organisms along the Indian coasts

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    • Keywords


      Marine wood borers; pholads; shipworms; pill bugs; gribbles; cellulolytic bacteria and fungi

    • Abstract


      The serious problem of destruction of wood in sea and brackish waters of India has been discussed with special reference to the organisms that are involved, their distribution, nature of infestation and vertical distribution, seasons of settlement, duration of larval period, growth rates and dispersal. The different ecological factors that determine the distribution of borers have been described such as temperature, salinity, primary film, rate of water flow, turbidity, pollution, effects of fouling, parasites, predators and associates. Control measures to check their ravages are also indicated.

    • Author Affiliations


      N Balakrishnan Nair1

      1. Department of Aquatic Biology and Fisheries, University of Kerala, Trivandrum - 695007, India
    • Dates


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