The food preferences of the South-Asian commensal rat,Bandicota indica were studied to evolve a suitable bait for control. Amongst cereals clear preference towards rice in its whole/divided form was evident. Amongst additives 7\2-10% groundnut oil enhanced bait intake significantly while 2% salt and sugar did not influence the rat’s diet choice. The results indicate whole/broken rice mixed with 7\2-10% groundnut oil as the most attractive bait for poisoningB. indica.