Socio-behavioural components (fighting, chasing, scent marking, thumping, digging and kick back) were studied in a group of Indian desert gerbil,Meriones hurrianae in a Rattery (13 × 7 m). Male gerbils were found to be more active and performed all the aggressive acls at a higher frequency (F< 0.01) than the females, indicating that social organization inM. hurrianae is male-dominated. It was revealed that this gerbil is not contact-prone in nature and the associates in a social group avoid the dominant ones. The dominant male accepts sub-dominant individuals, whereas only the dominant female performs aggressive acts. The evolution of sociability inM. hurrianae has an adaptive value of self-regulatory mechanism of population control.