propagation in heavy-ion scatteringBIJOY KUNDU and B K JAIN*
Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg,
Bhubaneswar 751 005, India
*Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre,
Mumbai 400 085, India
Abstract.The formalism developed earlier by us for the propagation of a resonance in the nuclear medium in proton--nucleus collisions has been modified to the case of vector boson production in heavy-ion collisions. The formalism includes coherently the contribution to the observed di-lepton production from the decay of a vector boson inside as well as outside the nuclear medium. The medium modification of the boson is incorporated through an energy dependent optical potential. The calculated invariant r mass distributions are presented for the r-meson production using optical potentials estimated within the VDM and the resonance model. The shift in the invariant mass distribution is found to be small. To achieve the mass shift (of about 200 MeV towards lower mass) as indicated in the high energy heavy-ion collision experiments, an unusually strong optical potential of about 120 MeV is required. We also observe that, for not so heavy nuclear systems and/or for fast moving resonances, the shape, magnitude and peak position of the invariant mass distribution is substantially different if the contributions from the resonance decay inside and outside are summed-up at the amplitude level (coherently) or at the cross section level (incoherently).
Keywords: Heavy-ions; r-meson; medium modification.
Pacs Nos. 25.75.+r; 24.30.-v; 24.50.+g; 24.10.-i
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