geodesic flowsD B LORTAN, S D MAHARAJ + and N
+ School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences,
University of Natal, Durban 4041, South Africa
* Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411 007, India
Email: email@example.com+ Corresponding author
Abstract.We investigate the propagation equations for the expansion, vorticity and shear for perfect fluid space-times which are geodesic. It is assumed that space-time admits a conformal Killing vector which is inheriting so that fluid flow lines are mapped conformally. Simple constraints on the electric and magnetic parts of the Weyl tensor are found for conformal symmetry. For homothetic vectors the vorticity and shear are free; they vanish for nonhomothetic vectors. We prove a conjecture for conformal symmetries in the special case of inheriting geodesic flows: there exist no proper conformal Killing vectors (y ;ab ¹ 0) for perfect fluids except for RobertsonWalker space-times. For a nonhomothetic vector field the propagation of the quantity ln (Rab ua ub) along the integral curves of the symmetry vector is homogeneous.
Keywords: Conformal motions; relativistic fluids; propagation equations.
Pacs Nos. 04.20.-q; 04.25.-g; 95.30.sf
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