What is expected of a paper for consideration
for publication in Pramana.
Manuscripts should be based on the work that is
(i) scientifically sound, (ii) original and important to the field,
and (iii) presented in a satisfactory form.
Papers based on mathematical and computational work without a clear
relationship to physics are generally not suitable for Pramana.
It is authors' responsibility to bring out this lucidly in their
presentation of the work. Experimental work should represent novel
finding. Those essentially reporting only measurements and characterization
may not be adequate for publication in Pramana. It should be presented
along with analysis and interpretation to bring out the physics
of the system studied.
If the paper is based on the work published in an abbreviated form
earlier, it should present considerably more information and lead
to a substantially improved understanding of the subject. It should
(a) clearly state the goals of their paper in Pramana, and (b) cite
the published paper, particularly when some material is being reproduced.
The work presented should not be a mere repetition of the research
published earlier on a similar physical system or Hamiltonian.
II. Form of the presentation
Authors should give a paragraph in the covering
1) what is the back ground or previous work, and what is the question
tackled in the submitted manuscript,
2) what is the main finding in the present manuscript, and
3) which physical problems or theories are related to the work,
and may be impacted by the present work.
This paragraph should convince the editors that the paper should
be reviewed by the peers.
(This is only for regular submission, and not for conference proceedings/Theme
The paper should be written in grammatically correct English and
presented in the format of a Pramana template. Papers with trivial
errors in the language and/or non-standard format will not be sent
New terminology should be introduced only when it is essential.
Any abbreviations or new terms should be defined clearly before
Abstract should summarize the work in a language accessible to non-specialist
readers and bring out the current importance and relevance of the
work to the field. Authors are encouraged to suggest at least three
referees alongwith their home institute address and email address.
Author should certify:
-> The paper represents original work with contributions from
all the listed authors. Anyone who made nontrivial contributions
was given an opportunity of co-authorship.
-> All of the listed authors are aware of and agree to the submission
of this manuscript.
-> The manuscript has not been published, and is not now and
will not be under consideration by another journal while it is considered
-> They have provided information about any relevant unpublished
-> The authors accept the established procedures for selecting
manuscripts for publication.
Upon submission of a manuscript for publication, the author, or
in the case of multiple authors the corresponding author, is required
to complete, sign and send to the editorial office of the journal
by e-mail the following
a) Submission Form to be completed when a paper
is submitted to the journal (MANUSCRIPT
b) Authorship Confirmation and Copyright Transfer,
to be completed upon acceptance of a paper for publication (Authorship
Confirmation and Copyright Transfer).
Policy on Plagiarism
Articles may be submitted under any of the following categories:
1. Research papers: Normal
full length papers which describe significant and substantial original
work. These should not normally exceed 12 printed pages.
2. Rapid communications:
These will be processed faster by the journal. A need for urgent
publication, as judged by our referees and editors, will be an important
additional criterion in the acceptance of such contributions. The
paper should describe the work concisely, being not longer than
six printed pages. A longer article, containing full details of
the same work, can be separately considered under category (1) above
3. Comments: Comments on
papers which have already appeared in Pramana, or addenda and errata
to such papers by the authors themselves. These could be as short
as a paragraph, but not ordinarily longer than 1000 words or equivalent.
4. Brief reports: These should
be short articles (not more than six printed pages) making specific
technical points of interest to others in the area, even though
the content may not be substantial enough to be considered under
5. Review articles: In addition
to the different categories of papers mentioned above, Pramana now
publishes review articles. These are by invitation and represent
a scholarly review of an area of physics, with substantial references
to the existing literature in the field. The invitations are generally
initiated by the Editorial Board. However, any author(s) with ideas
for a potential review article are welcome to communicate to the
Editors a synopsis and a detailed plan of the proposed review. This
will be assessed and if found acceptable an invitation to contribute
a review could result. All review articles are still refereed after
their submittal. Pramana also intends to publish topical reviews
which are not necessarily comprehensive but represent a particularly
interesting or important viewpoint (even if it is not universally
accepted) since such articles can stimulate further work. Authors
wishing to have papers published in Pramana in any of the above
categories should send them to the Editorial Office.
Note: Authors are encouraged to submit the manuscript electronically
http://ww.ias.ac.in/epramana or by e-mail to email@example.com
: Electronic files in LaTeX are
preferred. However, MS-WORD files are also acceptable. Figures should
be supplied in eps (encapsulated postscript) or pdf formats.
Typescript: Papers must be
written clearly and concisely in English, the preferred spelling
being that of the Concise Oxford Dictionary. They must be typed
double spaced with ample margin on all sides on white bond A4 size
paper (297 x 210 mm). This also applies to the abstract, tables,
figure captions and the list of references each of which are to
be typed on separate sheets
The first page must bear
a) title of the paper
b) the initials; and the names of the authors
c) names and addresses of the institutions where the work was carried
d) the permanent or present addresses of the authors (if different
from c) and
e) the Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme Number for the
A copy of the scheme can be obtained from the Editorial
Office. Authors should suggest an abbreviated running title of not
more than 50 characters including spaces. The title must be specific
and should contain words useful for indexing.
Abstract: All papers must
have an abstract of not more than 200 words. The abstract should
indicate the general scope of the paper, the important findings
and the conclusions drawn.
Keywords: Between 3 and 6 keywords
must be provided for indexing and information retrieval services.
PACS numbers: Provide atleast
three, and upto four , PACS numbers, with the first number being
the most appropriate. e.g. (47.27.Vf).
PACS is also available online (in both hierarchical and alphabetical
AIPs world wide web server. Use PACS 2006 version.
ASCII and wordperfect files are available via anonymous http://www.aip.org/pacs/
the PACS subdirectory. Use PACS 2006 version.
List of symbols: In cases
where the number of symbols used is large, the authors should attach
to the manuscript a separate complete list of symbols identified
typographically, not mathematically. This list will not appear in
print but is essential in order to avoid costly corrections at the
proof stage. In other cases, a clear typographical identification
of each symbol, made in the margin in quotes (e.g. "epsilon") the
first time it appears in the text should be adequate.
Text: The paper must be
divided into sections starting preferably with 'Introduction' and
ending with 'Conclusions'. The main sections should be numbered
1, 2, 3, etc and subsections 2.1, 2.2 etc.
Tables: All tables must
be numbered consecutive!y in Arabic numerals (not Roman) (e.g. table
3) in the order of appearance in the text. The tables should be
self-contained and have a descriptive title. Column headings of
tables should be brief. Extensive tables will be reproduced photographically
and should therefore be typed carefully and in the exact format
desired. Footnotes to the tables, if any, should be identified by
superscript symbols and placed at the bottom of the page containing
Footnotes: Footnotes to the
text should be avoided if possible. When necessary they should be
numbered along with the references (numbers in square brackets)
sequentially in the main text. The matter of each footnote should
appear after the appropriate number in the list of references.
Appendices: Appendices should
be labeled as A, B, etc. and the equations appearing in them be
labeled as A1, A2, B1, B2, etc.
Proofs: Pdf file of the
formatted proof will be sent to the corresponding authors for correction
and return within two days. If the corrections are not received
within a reasonable time it will be assumed that the authors have
no corrections to make.
References: References should
be numbered in order of appearance in the text of the paper, the
number being enclosed in square brackets in the same line. E.g.
"It has been shown [1, 2] that...'or' Ramachandran and Raman 
developed a formalism in 1955 which made it possible...". The second
example is meant to show that while names of authors and dates are
not essential, they can be included even in this format. At the
end of the manuscript, references to articles in journals should
be listed by number, again in square brackets, followed by authors
names (preceded by initials), abbreviated journal title, volume,
first page number and year in brackets, e.g.  P W Anderson, Phys.
Rev., 109, 1492 (1958). References to books should include:
name(s) of author(s) (preceded by initials), title of the book,
edition if not the first, initials and name(s) of editor(s) if any,
preceded by "edited by" and publisher, place of publication, year
within brackets and chapter or pages referred to, e.g. [ 12] J de
Boer and J Eichler, in Advances in nuclear physics edited
by M Baranger and E Vogt (Plenum, New York, 1968) Vol. 1, p. 1.
References to theses must include the title of the thesis, the degree
for which submitted, the University and year.
Mathematical Material: Equations
must be clearly written, each on its own line, well away from the
text. All equations must be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals
with the number in parentheses near the right hand margin. If desired,
equations can be numbered consecutively in each section preceded
by a point and the section number e.g. (3.14) for the 14th equation
in section 3. Indices, subscripts, superscripts and exponents must
be clearly indicated in pencil in one copy of the manuscript, 'Oh'
and 'zero', K, k and Kappa, 'ell' and 'one', etc. must be clearly
distinguished. Authors must indicate wherever special characters
(greek, gothic, script, scalar, vector, tensor, matrix, etc.) are
required. All other letters will be set in italic type. Vectors
must be underlined by a wavy line and tensors and matrices by two
wavy lines. The SI system of units and symbols is recommended.
The author's attention is specially drawn
to the instructions on items below.
If these are not followed strictly, both the quality of reproduction
and the technical accuracy would be jeopardised. Therefore, in such
cases the manuscripts may have to be returned to the authors for improvement
causing delays in their publication.
Figures: All figures, including photographs
(which must be glossy prints) should be numbered consecutively in
Arabic numerals in the order of occurrence in the text. Figure captions
must be typed on a separate sheet. Line drawings must be in Indian
ink on good quality tracing paper. Curves should be drawn sufficiently
thick to permit reduction to one half or even one third of the original
size. The axes and letterings must be about 0.3 mm thick and curves
0.6 mm thick. Whenever computer outputs are directly submitted as
figures, they should conform to the same specifications given earlier
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