Resources on Electronic Publishing


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General best practices for e-publishing

Electronic Journal Publishing: A Reader Version 2.0, made available by the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications.

Best Practices, by the International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publishing

Report of a one-day workshop to examine best practices for electronic journals, sponsored by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) and the National Federation of Abstracting and Indexing Societies (NFAIS).

Electronic Publishing: Guide to Best Practices for Canadian Publishers

International initiatives on scholarly electronic publishing

Open Archives Initiative (OAI)
Development of standard protocol for resource discovery (Open Archives Metadata Harvesting Protocol, OAMHP)

Public Library of Science
Statement signed by just under 30,000 individuals from 175 countries who support the concept of open access http://www.publiclibraryofscience.org/

SPARC, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition
Association of Research Libraries initiative to support reforms to scholarly publishing and reducing price barriers.

International Scholarly Communications Alliance (ISCA)
New International Scholarly Communications Alliance Engages Academics in Broadening Access to Research: Press release at SPARC announces the formation of the ISCA by "the Association of Japanese National University Libraries (ANUL); the Association of Research Libraries (ARL); the Canadian Association of Research Libraries/Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada (CARL/ABRC); the Consortium of University Research Libraries, U.K. (CURL); the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL); the Council of New Zealand Librarians (CONZUL); the Ligue des Bibliothèques Europeennes de Recherche (LIBER), and the Joint University Librarians Advisory Committee, Hong Kong SAR, China (JULAC)."

Budapest Open Access Initiative
The Open Society Institute (OSI) held a meeting on December 1-2, 2001 that resulted in the creation of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI). The key section of the BOAI says:
By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.
Self-archiving and alternative journals are the two major strategies recommended by the BOAI. A FAQ is available, which is very helpful in understanding the BOAI. Over 350 individuals and 30 organizations have endorsed the BOAI, and others are encouraged to sign the BOAI and commit themselves to its principles. The Open Society Institute has donated one million dollars per year for a three-year period to support open access initiatives.

Timeline of the Free Online Scholarship Movement: Landmark FOS events. Peter Suber

Usher, Nicole B. "Scientists Try Free Journal Access." Harvard Crimson, 1 March 2002: Three Harvard scientists who supported BioMed Central and the Public Library of Science discuss the limitations of these reform efforts.

General resources on scholarly electronic publishing

Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography (Version 41): The new version includes over 1,550 articles, books, and other printed and electronic sources that are useful in understanding scholarly electronic publishing efforts on the Internet. One of the long-standing and most valuable resources on scholarly publishing maintained by Charles Bailey Jr. of Houston University Library. This extensive and continually updated bibliography is available in searchable web version, PDF, and MS Word.

Electronic Journals: A Selected Resource Guide, provided by Harrassowitz

Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resource Coalition's Publishing Resources for Journals and Repositories. Contains pointers to Journal Publishing Management, Repository Management and Conference Proceedings Management resources.

Print and electronic journals about electronic publishing

D-Lib Magazine

Ariadne: Journal of Electronic Publishing


Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (FOS)
Interesting news about scholarly electronic publishing.

Nonprofit publishers/distributors of developing country journals and information

Bioline International
Hosts developing country journals; Subscription rates determined by publishers; some free on line only journals.

Hosts journals published in Latin American countries, mainly Brazil. No charge at present.

Provides titles and abstracts of African journals and full text on request. Support to facilitate distribution of commercial journals to developing countries

Programme to provide full text of African journals via INGENTA commercial system.

HINARI (Health Internetwork)
UN/WHO initiative to provide commercial medical journals free to licensed countries in the developing world.

Other organizations that support developing country publishers

Electronic Publishing Trust for Development (EPT)
Supports publication of journals generated in developing countries. Supports open access to world's literature. Provides links, articles etc

International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP)
Supports print and electronic publishing (journals, books, etc.) for developing countries in many ways. HIF-NET at WHO (Health Information Network). Runs regular meetings for health information workers. Based in UK, run by INASP, partnership with WHO. Also runs an active online listserv on all aspects of health information. INASP_Health@compuserve.com

Scientific and medical journals providing open access

British Medical Journal
Full text of papers free to all online. Plus much additional material.

Free material, and encourages new free journals
Handling charge of $500/article now made to authors (except those from the developing world and some other authors for which the charge is waived)

HighWire Press
Epublishing host for a large number of journals, many of which have open access policies.

Free Medical Journals

Free Electronic Journals: Multidisciplinary list of free e-journals from Leiden University

Publishers deposit material for free access after a period determined by each publisher (typically 0-2 months currently). Full text may also be read from publisher's site instead of from PMC, but full text also on PMC for searching purposes.

Institutions engaged in open archiving - eprints servers

Open Archive Initiative
Project at the University of Michigan Libraries, which is funded by a Metadata Harvesting Initiative grant from the Mellon Foundation, to "create a wide-ranging collection of free, useful, previously difficult-to-access digital resources."

Is part of an effort to improve online services for the research community, from archive software (eprints.org), reference parsing (OpCit), to Open Archives services (CiteBase). These resources will provide a rich information source and navigation system (based on impact and other metrics) to the self-archiving movement.

Caltech Library System Digital Collections:
All CLS Digital Collections implement the Open Archive Initiative (OAI) protocol. Those in production are registered as OAI Data Providers.


The New Review of Information Networking 7 (2001) Has sections on "Interoperability" and "Network Resources and Access Tools." Includes "Better Interoperability Through the Open Archives Initiative," "Open Linking in the Scholarly Information Environment Using the OpenURL Framework," "Reclaiming Academic Output Through University Archive Servers," "Rethinking EAD: Balancing Flexibility and Interoperability," and other articles.
http://www.taylorgraham.com/journals/nrinvol7.html Eprint Servers

Physics Preprint Archive (arXive)
Original e-print server for physics

The Lancet Electronic Research Archive (ERA)
Freely available reviewed papers of special interest to developing countries.

The Chemistry Preprint Server (CPS)

Digital preservation

OAIS is "a conceptual framework for an archival system dedicated to preserving and maintaining access to digital information over the long term." Includes information about the new oais-implementers@lists2.rlg.org mailing list. http://www.rlg.org/longterm/oais.html

Archiving Electronic Publications: Short report from the NISO/BISG program at ALA Midwinter

Digital Preservation and Metadata: History, Theory, Practice, Lazinger, Susan S. . Greenwood Village, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2001: Examines digital preservation, including costs, example programs, metadata, and methods.

"Archiving The Web: The National Collection of Australian Online Publications". Phillips, Margaret.: Describes efforts by the National Library of Australia to selectively archive Web publications. The archive includes 10,600,000 files.


"The Great Giveaway." What are the implications of "copyleft" for scientific publishing?

Plotkin, Hal. "All Hail Creative Commons: Stanford Professor and Author Lawrence Lessig Plans a Legal Insurrection." SFGate.com, 11 February 2002: The service will "make available flexible, customizable intellectual-property licenses that artists, writers, programmers and others can obtain free of charge to legally define what constitutes acceptable uses of their work." There will also be a conservancy to facilitate the preservation and distribution of works.

Electronic Workflow

File Formats
W3C: http://www.w3.org/XML/
XML.Com: http://www.xml.com/xml/pub
Robin Cover’s Page: http://www.oasis-open.org/cover/sgmlnew.html
Graphic Communication Association: http://www.gca.org/
OASIS: http://www.oasis-open.org/

Tools for Electronic Publishing
Open Source

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