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General best practices
Electronic Journal Publishing: A Reader
Version 2.0, made available by the International
Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications.
Best Practices, by the International
Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publishing
Report of a one-day workshop to examine best
practices for electronic journals, sponsored
by the National Information Standards Organization
(NISO) and the National Federation of
Abstracting and Indexing Societies (NFAIS).
Electronic Publishing: Guide to Best Practices
for Canadian Publishers
on scholarly electronic publishing
Open Archives Initiative (OAI)
Development of standard protocol for resource
discovery (Open Archives Metadata Harvesting
Public Library of Science
Statement signed by just under 30,000 individuals
from 175 countries who support the concept of
open access http://www.publiclibraryofscience.org/
SPARC, Scholarly Publishing and Academic
Association of Research Libraries initiative
to support reforms to scholarly publishing and
reducing price barriers.
Communications Alliance (ISCA)
New International Scholarly Communications Alliance
Engages Academics in Broadening Access to Research:
Press release at SPARC announces the formation
of the ISCA by "the Association of Japanese
National University Libraries (ANUL); the Association
of Research Libraries (ARL); the Canadian Association
of Research Libraries/Association des bibliothèques
de recherche du Canada (CARL/ABRC); the Consortium
of University Research Libraries, U.K. (CURL);
the Council of Australian University Librarians
(CAUL); the Council of New Zealand Librarians
(CONZUL); the Ligue des Bibliothèques
Europeennes de Recherche (LIBER), and the Joint
University Librarians Advisory Committee, Hong
Kong SAR, China (JULAC)."
Budapest Open Access Initiative
The Open Society Institute (OSI) held a meeting
on December 1-2, 2001 that resulted in the creation
of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI).
The key section of the BOAI says:
By "open access" to this literature,
we mean its free availability on the public
internet, permitting any users to read, download,
copy, distribute, print, search, or link to
the full texts of these articles, crawl them
for indexing, pass them as data to software,
or use them for any other lawful purpose, without
financial, legal, or technical barriers other
than those inseparable from gaining access to
the internet itself. The only constraint on
reproduction and distribution, and the only
role for copyright in this domain, should be
to give authors control over the integrity of
their work and the right to be properly acknowledged
Self-archiving and alternative journals are
the two major strategies recommended by the
BOAI. A FAQ is available, which is very helpful
in understanding the BOAI. Over 350 individuals
and 30 organizations have endorsed the BOAI,
and others are encouraged to sign the BOAI and
commit themselves to its principles. The Open
Society Institute has donated one million dollars
per year for a three-year period to support
open access initiatives.
Timeline of the Free Online Scholarship
Movement: Landmark FOS events. Peter Suber
Usher, Nicole B. "Scientists Try Free Journal
Access." Harvard Crimson, 1 March 2002:
Three Harvard scientists who supported BioMed
Central and the Public Library of Science discuss
the limitations of these reform efforts.
General resources on
scholarly electronic publishing
Scholarly Electronic Publishing
Bibliography (Version 41): The new version
includes over 1,550 articles, books, and other
printed and electronic sources that are useful
in understanding scholarly electronic publishing
efforts on the Internet. One of the long-standing
and most valuable resources on scholarly publishing
maintained by Charles Bailey Jr. of Houston
University Library. This extensive and continually
updated bibliography is available in searchable
web version, PDF, and MS Word.
Electronic Journals: A Selected Resource
Guide, provided by Harrassowitz
Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resource
Coalition's Publishing Resources for
Journals and Repositories. Contains pointers
to Journal Publishing Management, Repository
Management and Conference Proceedings Management
Print and electronic
journals about electronic publishing
Ariadne: Journal of Electronic Publishing
Free Online Scholarship Newsletter (FOS)
Interesting news about scholarly electronic
of developing country journals and information
Hosts developing country journals; Subscription
rates determined by publishers; some free on
line only journals.
Hosts journals published in Latin American countries,
mainly Brazil. No charge at present.
Provides titles and abstracts of African journals
and full text on request. Support to facilitate
distribution of commercial journals to developing
Programme to provide full text of African journals
via INGENTA commercial system.
HINARI (Health Internetwork)
UN/WHO initiative to provide commercial medical
journals free to licensed countries in the developing
Other organizations that support developing
Electronic Publishing Trust for Development
Supports publication of journals generated in
developing countries. Supports open access to
world's literature. Provides links, articles
International Network for the Availability
of Scientific Publications (INASP)
Supports print and electronic publishing (journals,
books, etc.) for developing countries in many
ways. HIF-NET at WHO (Health Information Network).
Runs regular meetings for health information
workers. Based in UK, run by INASP, partnership
with WHO. Also runs an active online listserv
on all aspects of health information. INASP_Health@compuserve.com
Scientific and medical
journals providing open access
British Medical Journal
Full text of papers free to all online. Plus
much additional material.
Free material, and encourages new free journals
Handling charge of $500/article now made to
authors (except those from the developing world
and some other authors for which the charge
Epublishing host for a large number of journals,
many of which have open access policies.
Free Medical Journals
Free Electronic Journals: Multidisciplinary
list of free e-journals from Leiden University
Publishers deposit material for free access
after a period determined by each publisher
(typically 0-2 months currently). Full text
may also be read from publisher's site instead
of from PMC, but full text also on PMC for searching
in open archiving - eprints servers
Open Archive Initiative
Project at the University of Michigan Libraries,
which is funded by a Metadata Harvesting Initiative
grant from the Mellon Foundation, to "create
a wide-ranging collection of free, useful, previously
difficult-to-access digital resources."
Is part of an effort to improve online services
for the research community, from archive software
(eprints.org), reference parsing (OpCit), to
Open Archives services (CiteBase). These resources
will provide a rich information source and navigation
system (based on impact and other metrics) to
the self-archiving movement.
Caltech Library System Digital Collections:
All CLS Digital Collections implement the Open
Archive Initiative (OAI) protocol. Those in
production are registered as OAI Data Providers.
The New Review of Information
Networking 7 (2001) Has sections on "Interoperability"
and "Network Resources and Access Tools."
Includes "Better Interoperability Through
the Open Archives Initiative," "Open
Linking in the Scholarly Information Environment
Using the OpenURL Framework," "Reclaiming
Academic Output Through University Archive Servers,"
"Rethinking EAD: Balancing Flexibility
and Interoperability," and other articles.
Physics Preprint Archive (arXive)
Original e-print server for physics
The Lancet Electronic Research Archive (ERA)
Freely available reviewed papers of special
interest to developing countries.
The Chemistry Preprint Server (CPS)
OAIS is "a conceptual framework
for an archival system dedicated to preserving
and maintaining access to digital information
over the long term." Includes information
about the new firstname.lastname@example.org
mailing list. http://www.rlg.org/longterm/oais.html
Archiving Electronic Publications: Short
report from the NISO/BISG program at ALA Midwinter
Digital Preservation and Metadata: History,
Theory, Practice, Lazinger, Susan S. . Greenwood
Village, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 2001: Examines
digital preservation, including costs, example
programs, metadata, and methods.
"Archiving The Web: The National Collection
of Australian Online Publications".
Phillips, Margaret.: Describes efforts by the
National Library of Australia to selectively
archive Web publications. The archive includes
"The Great Giveaway." What
are the implications of "copyleft"
for scientific publishing?
Plotkin, Hal. "All
Hail Creative Commons: Stanford Professor and
Author Lawrence Lessig Plans a Legal Insurrection."
SFGate.com, 11 February 2002: The service will
"make available flexible, customizable
intellectual-property licenses that artists,
writers, programmers and others can obtain free
of charge to legally define what constitutes
acceptable uses of their work." There will
also be a conservancy to facilitate the preservation
and distribution of works.
Robin Covers Page: http://www.oasis-open.org/cover/sgmlnew.html
Graphic Communication Association: http://www.gca.org/
Tools for Electronic Publishing